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Home Critical Analysis/Archives Report on Punjab Disturbances of 1953
Report of The Court of Inquiry


With this statement of the doctrinal differences between the Musalmans and the Ahmadis and of the activities of the latter, we are in a position to understand the grounds on which the three demands were put forward. We have said earlier that almost all the ulama are agreed that each of the three demands was based on their conception of Islam. Maulana Daud Ghaznavi,. Master Taj-ud-Din Ansari, Sayyad Muzaffar Ali Shamsi and some others further claimed that the demands followed as a corollary from the Objectives Resolution which had been passed by the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on 12th March 1949 after a prolonged and heated debate. And throughout the inquiry every one has taken it for granted that the demands were the result of the ideology on the strength of which the establishment of an Islamic State in Pakistan was claimed and had been promised from certain quarters. The point which must be clearly comprehended to appreciate the plausibility or otherwise of the demands is that in an Islamic State or, what is the same thing, in Islam there is a fundamental distinction between the rights of Muslim and non-Muslim subjects, and one distinction which may at once be mentioned is that the non-Muslims cannot be associated with the business of administration in the higher sphere. Therefore if the Ahmadis were not Muslims but kafirs, they could not occupy any of the high offices in the State, and as a deduction from this proposition two of the demands required the dismissal of Chaudhri Zafrullah Khan and other Ahmadis who were occupying key positions in the State, and the third required the declaration of Ahmadis as a non-Muslim minority to ensure that no Ahmadi may in future be entrusted with any such position in the State. As this issue which the demands directly raised was fundamental, and of the greatest importance to the future of Pakistan, we have, with the assistance of the ulama, gone closely into the conception of an Islamic State and its implications which we now proceed to state.

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