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By Tayyba Seema Ahmed
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Nineteenth Century British India
Chapter 3: Jihad - Origins, Concepts and Interpretations
Chapter 4: The Essence of Jihad
Chatper 5: Introduction to the Translation
Chapter 6: Jihad and the British Government
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Home Critical Analysis/Archives Report on Punjab Disturbances of 1953
Report of The Court of Inquiry

SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

All preventive orders having been recalled, the cases arising out of their contravention withdrawn and the sentences imposed for such contravention remitted, and the existence of the demands having been officially recognised, the Ahrar and their associates were left free to adopt any method they considered to be constitutional to press the demands and to carry on propaganda in their support. Taking advantage of the opportunity offered, they intensified their campaign and increased the vigour and extent of their propaganda. According to the Secret Intelligence Abstract which is an official document and used to be submitted for information to the Chief Minister, as many as 390 public meetings of which 167 were arranged exclusively by the Ahrar, were held all over the Province till the proclamation of Martial Law on 6th March. Sayyad Muzaffar Ali Shamsi said Sheikh Husam-ud-Din, Sahibzada Faiz-ul-Hasan, Master Taj-ud-Din Ansari and Muhammad Ali Jullundri who are all prominent members of Majlis-i-Ahrar, literally converted themselves into peripatetic missionaries of the movement, as if their differences with the Ahmadis were their sole concern in life. At the meetings all conceivable arguments were reiterated against Ahmadiyyat and abuses hurled on the Ahmadis and their leaders. The vocal campaign was supplemented by cease-lees posters, leaflets, handbills, pamphlets, newspaper articles and processions. On 24th July, 1952, Mr. Anwar Ali, D. I. G., C. I. D, brought to the notice of Government some mock funerals of Chaudhri Zafrullah Khan, which were being taken out in several places in the Province, proposing action under section 23 of the Punjab Public Safety Act, but the Home Secretary remarked that that Act was not to be used in such cases and suggested instead that the Chief Minister should talk to the Ahrar leaders and ask them to abide by the assurance which they had recently given. The proposal was put up through the Chief Secretary before the Chief Minister who initialled it on 30th July.

The students of the M. B. High School, Wazirabad, carried in procession a charpoy with a dog tied on it representing Chaudhri Zafrullah Khan.

Another procession, which had marched through the streets of Kasur on 25th June, 1952, after Friday prayers and which was reported by the Additional Superintendent of Police, Kasur, in his diary dated 26th July, 1952, also came to the notice of the Chief Minister. In that procession, Chaudhri Zafrullah Khan had been grossly abused in slogans such as ‘Zafrullah kanjar’, ‘Zafrullah dog’, and ‘Zafrullah swine’, and at a later stage the processionists had procured a she-ass and written on it ‘Begum Zafrullah’. A man wearing a top hat and a garland of shoes round his neck with the name Mirza Ghulam Ahmad written on him had seated himself on the she-ass. On receiving report of this incident, Mr. Qurban Ali Khan remarked that the incident was the natural outcome of the agitation that was going on in defiance of law, that one lawlessness was producing another lawlessness and that unless some preventive method was discovered it would end in a revolution, and that this was a lesson of history which could be delayed but could not be belied. The case was seen by the Chief Minister but no notice of the incident was taken.

Several other incidents of lawlessness were also reported during this period. These, which are all mentioned in the official documents were as follows :—

(1)        the rifling of an Ahmadi shop and throwing of stones at an Ahmadi mosque in Lyallpur on 20th July, 1952;
(2)        assault on an Ahmadi on 5th August, 1952, in Misri Shah, Lahore;
(3)        an Ahmadi non-Ahmadi clash in Chak 497, Jhang ;
(4)        assault on Mt. Tale’ Bibi on 2nd September, 1952, in the course of an altercation arising because of her being an Ahmadi;
(5)        assault on Dr. Muhammad Husain Khan, an Ahmadi, in Mandi Jaranwala. on 18th September, 1952, by a person who was prevented by the doctor from reading objectionable verses from a pamphlet against Ahmadiyyat ;
(6)        hartal and blackening of faces of men objecting to observe hartal, besieging of, and throwing brickbats at, the Dyal Singh College and the throwing of stones at the Ta’lim-ul-Islam College, breaking its main gate, on 16th February, 1953, when Khwaja Nazim-ud-Din came to Lahore;
(7)        rioting outside the Muslim League office on 27th July resulting in injuries to 46 policemen and damage to cars ; and
(8)        attempt to set fire to an Ahmadi mosque in Muhalla Arazi Yaqub, Sialkot.
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