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The Heavenly Decree is the English translation of Asmani Faisala by Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the Promised Messiah and Mahdi (as) and the Founder of Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at. It is addressed to his contemporary ulema, specially Miyan Nadhir Husain Dehlawi and Maulawi Muhammad Husain of Batala who had issued a fatwa of heresy against the Promised Messiahas and declared him a non-Muslim, because he (the Promised Messiahas) had claimed that Jesus Christ had died a natural death and the second coming of Masih ibni Mariam (Jesus Christ) is fulfilled by the advent of Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmadas. Because (by the time the book was written) the ulema had refused to debate this issue with the Promised Messiah, he invited them, in this book, to a spiritual contest in which the question whether someone is a Muslim or not would be settled by Allah himself on the basis of four criteria of a true believer as laid down by Him in the Holy Quran. He also spelled out the modus operandi of this contest and fixed the period of time frame within which this contest would be decreed by Allah. He declared that God would not desert him and would help him and would grant him victory.
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Home Critical Analysis/Archives Report of the PHRG Fact Finding Mission to Pakistan
Summary of Findings

2. Summary of Findings

On the basis of the evidence gathered in the course of the visit, the Mission found that

a.
the Constitution and the laws of Pakistan discriminate against religious minorities;
b.
criminal laws meant to protect Islam are being used to persecute and intimidate religious minorities;
c.
the fear of mob violence and of extremist Islamic groups is such that law enforcement agencies, justice institutions and state actors are unwilling to protect the rights of religious minorities;
d.
violence against and persecutions of religious minorities is often treated with impunity; and
e.
the state has not shown any willingness to reform the law in order to better protect the human rights of religious minorities.

In the opinion of the Mission a combination of state failures and blackmail by religious extremists must be regarded as the two principle contributors to the frequent violations of the human rights of religious minorities.

The State of Pakistan is failing at all levels to address the problem of malicious complaints of violations of the blasphemy law being pursued against Ahmadis and Christians, as well as members of other religious communities.

These failures start with the police, who, in many cases, fail to exercise independent judgment in the use of their powers in the following areas:

o
the decision to accept a First Information Report (the commencement of the legal process in a criminal case).
o
the decision to arrest the accused.
o
the decision to keep the accused in custody.
o
the decision to charge the accused and present him to the court 6.

The prosecutors engaged by the Advocate-General Departments of the Provincial Governments in many cases fail to

o
exercise independent judgment when continuing these cases in the courts.
o
apply, with an independent mind, a review of the strength of the evidence or of the public interest test in continuing such cases.

The judges in all courts, especially the lower ones, in many cases fail to

o
deal with these cases expeditiously, resulting in long delays and adjournments
o
to grant bail in many cases and then only after long delays and appeals to the Higher Courts.

The Government and Parliament are failing to

o
reform the law by repealing it or at very minimum reducing its discriminatory impact.

As a result, at all levels of the State there is a failure to deter the promotion of religious intolerance, which is visible in that

o
Incitements made by religious extremists to murder Amhadis and Christians go unchecked and unpunished.
o
Persons who have made manifestly groundless allegations of violations of the blasphemy law against Ahmadis and others are not prosecuted for their falsehoods.
o
state actors at all levels frequently appear fearful of the power and influence of Muslim extremists and are being paralysed by a small minority of extremist preachers and their supporters.

6
The injustices of such police actions are deepened by frequent instances of poor physical treatment of accused persons by police officers.
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